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National Electrical Code Articles and Information

NEC Quiz: Article 250, Part Ten Answers

by Mark Lamendola

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  1. [250.56]. No. This is a commonly misunderstood point. The NEC doesn't require the earth resistance to be any particular number. The actual number is an engineering decision. The NEC simply says that if you drive one ground rod and the earth resistance is 25 ohms or less then you need to supplement it with an additional grounding electrode. It's common for electricians to pee on the rod and then measure--the salty urine is a strong electrolyte that brings the reading way down from just dry soil. If ever called upon to repeat the measurement, they pee first and then get people gathered around to witness the testing.

  2. [250.58]. No. Doing so would create a dangerous difference of potential. In fact, they must be grounded to the same electrode(s).

  3. [250.60]. No. Air terminals are of entirely different construction and dimensions. You can use grounding electrodes in lieu of air terminals, but you can't go the other way around.

  4. [250.62]. No. Such pipe can serve as an auxiliary electrode and it should be bonded to your grounding system to eliminate dangerous differences of potential. But you cannot use it as part of the grounding path. It may seem wasteful to run a length of copper or aluminum wire along a water pipe instead of just hooking onto it on each end, but it's not wasteful at all. The pipe is for carrying water, not for carrying lighting or other undesirable electrical current.

  5. [250.62]. The answer depends on what materials your cathodic protection system is constructed of. Use the appropriate conductor based on that, remembering that it must be "resistant to any corrosive condition existing at the installation." On any give site, the cathodic protection systems and grounding system must be engineered as a unified system, not as separate systems.



How the NEC is arranged

  1. The first four Chapters of the NEC apply to all installations.
  2. Article 90 precedes Chapter One, and establishes the authority of the NEC.
  3. Article 80 follows the body of the NEC; it exists as Annex H. It provides the requirements for administration.
  4. Chapters 5, 6, and 7 are the "special" chapters, covering special: occupancies, equipment, and conditions (in that order).
  5. Chapter 8 provides the requirements for communications systems.
  6. Chapter 9 provides tables.
  7. The appendices provide mostly reference information.
  8. Appendix D contains examples that every NEC user should study.

Try your NEC moxy:

  • Do you know the difference between bonding and grounding? Hint: Look in the NEC, Article 100.
  • Does the NEC refer to grounding incorrectly in any of its articles? Yes! So be careful to apply the Article 100 definitions. Don't ground where you should bond.
  • When doing motor load calculations, which Article covers hermetic motors? Answer: While Article 440 covers the application of hermetic motors, it does so only by amending Article 430 because hermetic motors are a special case of motors. For motor load calculations, refer to Article 430.
  • Does the NEC provide a voltage drop requirement? Yes! It does so in a special case, which is Article 648 Sensitive Electronic Equipment. But for general applications, it does not provide a requirement; it merely provides a recommendation in a couple of FPNs.
  • Take our Code Quizzes.

Remember other applicable codes, rules, standards, and references:

  • OSHA's electrical worker safety rules.
  • IEEE standards.
  • NETA standards.
  • NFPA standards.
  • International Codes (if applicable to the installation).
  • State Codes (if the state has them).
  • Local ordinances and permit requirements.
  • Local fire codes.
  • Manufacturer requirements or guidelines.
  • Customer security requirements.
  • Industry standards.
  • Your company's own internal standards, practices, and procedures.
  • Engineering drawing notes.



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